Golang, or simply “Go”, is a new programming language initially released in 2012. Tracing its origins back to Google, many believe it to be an internal language of Google.

Have you ever considered learning Golang as a new programmer? Perhaps you are an existing developer and want to add to your wealth of skills. We’ll take a closer look at Go so you can make the most informed decision possible.

Notable Features of Golang

If Go has anything worth trying, it’s the array of unique features it offers. Nonetheless, Go also shares similar characteristics with other programming languages, including Python, C, C++, Java, and JavaScript.

For example, its testing capabilities and arrays of standard libraries make it more in line with other languages. But some features make Golang more unique and worth learning. Here’s a look at some notable ones:

concurrency

The ability to run multiple operations simultaneously is one of the unique features of Golang. To achieve this it uses a feature called Goroutine. This makes Golang programs very fast and efficient in memory allocation.

memory address assignment

Golang’s address assignment lets you transfer the contents of an object, the result of a function, or a variable to another. Depending on your purpose, this can be handy when inserting a model object into the database or assigning the properties of one function to another.

For example, you cannot insert a struct directly into the database. But address assignment lets you attach the contents of a struct or class to another variable. Therefore, you can easily insert its fields into the database. This is similar to assigning a class to an object in other programming languages.

compiled

Of course, compiled languages ​​are faster than their interpreted counterparts because they are converted directly into formats that the machine can read. Although Go is a compiled language, its processing is even more efficient, thanks to other features such as garbage collection, goroutine channeling, and static typing.

garbage collection

While you can declare a variable or call a library without using it in other programming languages, you cannot do this in Go. This feature allows Go to free up unused memories you have allocated in your program, leading to a significant improvement in performance. Also, it makes your code cleaner and more readable.

statically typed syntax

Like C, Go supports static syntax, which improves compile time and makes debugging easier. In short, you need to strictly declare various data types, including strings, integers, arrays, and structures. However, if you’re coming from languages ​​like JavaScript or Python, it might feel awkward at first. Rest assured, with a little practice, it doesn’t take much to master.

Go Usage and Market Demand

There are comparisons to Golang when it comes to popularity with other programming languages. This is not surprising to most as it is relatively new. According to the 2021 Stack Overflow Developer Survey, about 9.55 percent of developers surveyed use Go, placing it as the 14th most popular programming language.

Nonetheless, stakshare.io puts the number of companies using Go at 2,624. These include big names like Google, Uber, Slack, Pinterest, Shopify, Twitch, etc. Of course, that list doesn’t mention people who are switching to or adopting the language for the first time. Its speed, concurrency and CPU friendliness have placed it at the top of the list of companies running complex tasks.

However, that number is about 67.1 percent lower than those using Python. While important, this is not surprising—the Stack Overflow developer survey we mentioned earlier places Python as the most popular backend language in 2021 to 2022.

The low popularity of Go may make you think twice about learning it as your next chosen skill. But there is a clear indication that skilled Go developers are scarce, despite companies valuing their skills.

Furthermore, the same survey had it that many developers would love to switch to Go, but are afraid to try it at one point or another. Additionally, according to talent.com, the average annual salary of a Go developer in the US is $135,000.

So, despite its low popularity, adoption of Go has increased among companies both large and small. And with a solid foundational understanding of Go, you face less competition, unlike other popular languages ​​like JavaScript or Python, which already have endless senior developers.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *